The disease caused by the virus "Simplex" is manifested in two forms: Herpes Simplex Type I and Herpes Simplex Type II. They are both contagious. How else!? The Type I works mostly in the mouth and makes its appearance especially during episodes of cold or flu with feverish state, and the type II occurs in the genital area, being transmitted through unprotected sexual intercourse. Unlike type I herpes which is active and may occasionally harm including the genital area (during episodes of oral sex), the type II is contagious regardless of the type of sex practiced.
It is a very spread disease, especially among teenagers.
Symptoms may be completely absent, and if there appear, they are felt only in the beginning under the form of burning during urination, cephalalgia (headache), fever, muscle pain or increased volume of lymph. The lesion makes its appearance and progresses first by inflammation of the skin in place where herpes appears (within the sexual area or around it) and then the area becomes hot, generating pain and itching. The vesicle resulted ultimately will break and produce a crust that will go away only after healing. Only the first occurrence spans for a longer period (several weeks). Subsequent phases are shorter and slightly less disturbing.
Unfortunately, herpes is incurable. Once acquired, the virus remains in the body, "hanging" in the nervous system, making its presence felt only when it benefits the common factors that can reactivate it.
Injuries occur periodically, depending on the individual, the average being around a few (3-4) appearances per year when the immune system is not very strong. Otherwise, episodes are much rarer, with shorter healing periods and very small intensities of pain. It may give the impression of healing, for then, during an illness, diet, menstruation, a surgery, especially when the stress is manifested in intensity, to reappear.
Unlike the herpes specific to the mouth area, which can be easily identified, the genital one requires medical specialist, being quite difficult to diagnose. An examination in order to detect possible internal injuries, can give results only if the virus is active, by local sampling. During latency, if the results are not quite precise, specific blood tests can be done.
Because, at least for the moment, there is no cure for this disease, physicians recommend a simple sum of antiviral medications in the form of tablets or ointments only effective in reducing discomfort and accelerate wound healing. In patients with many recurrences, there can be administered pharmaceuticals (only at the doctor’s prescription), for periods of time, aimed to reduce the frequency of reactivation.
To drastically reduce the risk of contamination with the genital herpes virus, safe sex is imperative. The only effective solutions in this regard are: condoms and reducing the number of sexual partners. For people who suffer from this condition, there is the possibility of following treatments to reduce risk (not eliminating it completely) to transmit the infection.